Published on September 12th 2017 by admin under
There are hundreds of different diseases and conditions that can affect the respiratory system, ranging from common cold and flu to pneumonia and COPD. Many of these are chronic in nature, as they develop gradually over time, becoming life threatening in some cases.
A study published by The Forum of International Respiratory Societies shows hundreds of millions of people around the world suffering from one or more types of chronic respiratory disorders, while there are over four million deaths every year, caused by such diseases. However, with proper treatment, and follow-up care, these conditions can be cured or kept in check.
List of Diseases of the Respiratory System
Upper Respiratory Diseases
Common Short-Term Curable Conditions
Lower Respiratory Tract Diseases
Short-Term Conditions and Complications
Causes and Risk Factors for Respiratory Tract Diseases
Each different condition has its own causative factor, and the same disorder may result from a number of factors too. The common causes may include viral/bacterial infections, smoking tobacco, allergic reaction to something, inhaling substances harmful for the lungs (coal, asbestos) over long periods , congenital malformation of one or more parts of the respiratory tract, abnormal autoimmune response , genetic/hereditary factors, and air pollution. Among these, the viral and bacterial infections account for most of the common diseases, including influenza, pneumonia, and tonsillitis . Respiratory infections are usually common among elderly people and those with a weak immune system .
Pulmonary diseases are a common complication in pregnancy as well, with studies showing it to be a significant factor responsible for maternal death after childbirth.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Diseases Affecting the Respiratory System
Following are the common symptoms present in most respiratory diseases :
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain and tightness
- Chronic cough
- Coughing up mucus
Preventive Measures for Respiratory Conditions
- Quitting smoking as both active and passive smoking are a major risk factor for a number of breathing and respiratory tract disorders, including asthma, COPD, and lung cancer .
- Washing hands with antibacterial soap, especially before eating or touching food.
- Not touching your face or nose with unclean hands as this is one of the primary ways for communicable diseases to spread.
- Avoiding going near someone with influenza or any similar bacterial or viral condition as these germs are often airborne, meaning one can get infected by inhaling contaminated air .
- Getting flu vaccines, especially during flu seasons . Few other conditions like diphtheria may also be prevented with vaccines .
- Following a nutritious diet and drinking plenty of water as they help to strengthen your immunity and flush out toxins.